This is an amazing introductory work on water engineering in the ancient world from water source all the way through to drainage. While it focuses on the Roman aqueducts, it also covers some other water technology in other parts of the ancient world. I highly recommend it for those looking for a book on the topic.
Some new vocabulary I learned while reading this book:
clepsydra - literally "water thief" in Greek; (1) a water clock (2) a device for drawing liquids from vats too large to pour, utilizing air pressure
entrain - to pull or draw along by the flow of a fluid
hypocaust - underfloor heating, floor raised on pillars
insulae - island
naumachia - reenactment of naval battles and the theatrical basin in which they took place
penstock - sluice, gate or intake structure that controls water flow, or an enclosed pipe that delivers water to turbines
spate - overflow, inundation
stopcock - valve that regulates flow
Places I really want to go after reading this book:
Barbegal, France - Quora User, have you ever visited here? I was completely intrigued by the 16 waterwheel set up that once operated there, and the gravestone inscription in the Alyscamps cemetery at Arles about Quintus Candidius Benignus who may or may not have been the engineer who built Barbegal.
Perachora, Greece - there is a deep water source and how the Greeks lifted the water remains a mystery. Quora User and I have had fun kicking around some ideas for how to solve the mystery.